There may be times during the build process when certain terminology is used by industry people that we might not understand. This happened to me more than once when my husband and I were building. I could have used a “cheat sheet” of terms, so thought I’d assist any of you who might feel the same way.
NOTE: this post will be presented in two parts due to its length. Please see July 11, 2009 for L-Z.
Anchor Bolt: A bolt set at the top of the foundation; used to secure the wood structure to the concrete foundation.
Apron: The bottom piece of window trim below the sill or stool.
Beveled: A corner created not by a right angle intersection but by an additional angled surface.
Butt End: To butt means to join end to end. The butt end refers to the flat end of a piece of wood.
Chamfered: The decorative quality of posts may be increased by cutting off a small portion of the square corner leaving and angled (beveled) surface. The chamfer cut extends through much of the length of the posts but stops short of the ends.
Chase: A groove or channel for carrying electric wires.
Clerestory: A substantially windowed wall. The glass is often above a lower adjoining roof.
D: Abbreviation for penny. Penny is a weight measure used to categorize nails.
Downlap: To extend a material down and over the material below. For example, siding may downlap a concrete foundation. Opposite of uplap.
Ell: An extension wing generally at a right angle to the main house.
Flanged Door or Window Unit: The flange refers to a nailing fin on the edge of the unit which is used to attach the unit to the structure.
Flush: Set in a level or even manner so as to be in alignment.
Frieze Boards: Boards which form an ornamental band at the top of a wall.
Gable End: The side or end of a building where the top of the wall slopes with the top of the roof.
Jig: A device used as a template or form.
Keyed: In many of the on-site operations, the positioning of the first member absolutely dictates the position of those to follow. These latter members are said to be “keyed” to the first member.